Cannabis withdrawal occurs when someone suffering from cannabis addiction stops using the drug and exposes themselves to life-threatening health complications. A medical detox in a hospital is recommended for safe withdrawal from cannabis.
What is Cannabis?
Cannabis is a cannabinoid drug. It is derived from the Cannabis sativa plant and comes in many forms, including cannabinoid THC (delta9 tetrahydrocannabinol) which produces a psychoactive effect, and CBD which is non-psychoactive.
Cannabis affects the brain by attaching to its cannabinoid receptors, which impacts both cognitive function and the feelings of emotion and pleasure. How marijuana affects individuals can vary, and is dependent on the form of drug, weight and size of the individual, amount used, strength of the drug, and whether any other drugs are being used concurrently (poly use).
The effects of cannabis can include:
- feelings of relaxation and euphoria
- dry mouth
- increased feelings of sociability and laughter
- memory impairment
- bloodshot eyes
- anxiety and paranoia
- increased appetite
- impaired reflexes
- increased heart rate
- increased tolerance to the drug with heavy use
Cannabis Withdrawal Symptoms
Withdrawal from cannabis and the symptoms that occur are dependent upon length of use, amount of use, and whether it is being used with any other substances or health conditions. For example, cannabis use can make mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorders worse and exacerbate the risk of psychosis in susceptible individuals.
The withdrawal symptoms from cannabis can be protracted, due to the brain’s own chemistry resetting to adjust to functioning without external cannabinoids.
Withdrawal symptoms include:
- loss of appetite
- upset stomach and digestive system
How Long Does Cannabis Detox Take?
Withdrawal symptoms usually begin during the first twenty-four hours of abstinence from cannabis and peak two to three days after ceasing the drug. Withdrawal symptoms typically improve over seven to fourteen days. For those with severe addiction, sleep can be disturbed for months after discontinuing use, and feelings of depression and anxiety can persist as the brain normalises.
How to Safely Treat Cannabis Withdrawal Symptoms
Depending on the needs of the individual, especially when other drugs of addiction are being used, a hospital detox is indicated for that person’s health and safety. A hospital detox is usually necessary where poly drug use (concurrent use of multiple substances) is present.
Because there are both physical and psychological components of cannabis addiction, a psychosocial recovery program should be used in tandem with hospital detox for the best outcome.Hader Clinic Queensland Private offers both medical detox and psychosocial education programs that are tailored to meet each patient’s unique requirements. Additionally, our programs attract a private health rebate with many funds.